Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea, 7 kilometres off the Turkey coast.

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Chios is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea, 7 kilometres off the Turkey coast. The island is separated from Turkey by the Chios Strait. Chios is notable for its exports of mastic gum and its nickname is the Mastic Island. Tourist attractions include its medieval villages and the 11th-century monastery of Nea Moni, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Administratively, the island forms a separate municipality within the Chios regional unit, which is part of the North Aegean region. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Chios. Chios island is crescent, 50 km  long from north to south, and 29 km at its widest, covering an area of 842,289 km2. The terrain is mountainous and arid, with a ridge of mountains running the length of the island. The two largest of these mountains, Pelineon 1,297 m and Epos 1,188 m, are situated in the north of the island.