Ithaca is an island of the Ionian Islands and is located to the south of Lefkada and to the northeast of Kefalonia, from which it is divided by the homonymous strait. Its capital is Vathi. It is an elongated island with an area of 96 square kilometers and a population of 3,084 inhabitants according to the 2001 census. Until 2011 it was, together with other smaller islands, the province of Ithaca and belonged to the Prefecture of Kefallinia. Since 2011, with the implementation of the Kallikratis Program, it is a separate Regional Unity.